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You might not consciously think about your ability to see on a daily basis. But if you have a condition that affects your eyes, you know that vision and good eye health shouldn’t be taken for granted.

The good news about eye conditions is that many can be treated. At our Cotton O’Neil Ophthalmology Department, we treat eye diseases that can cause anything from itchy eyes to vision loss.

While we specialize in eyes, we always encourage our patients to see their primary care physicians regularly. Some eye conditions can result from other health issues, such as diabetes.

Conditions We Treat

Although there are many types of eye abnormalities, we treat these common conditions:

  • Cataracts

    As we age the lens in the eye becomes thicker and then cloudy. Initially as it gets thicker we lose the ability to focus and end up wearing reading glasses or bifocals. Later on the lens gets cloudy and this leads to a cataract. At this point, your lens becomes clouded, impairing your vision. You may feel as if you’re looking through a foggy window. Cataracts are common as you age — more than half of Americans have a cataract or have had cataract surgery by age 80.
  • Dry Eyes

    There are many reasons for dry eyes. In some cases, your eyes don’t produce enough tears to be healthy and comfortable. Some systemic diseases contribute to this. In most cases environmental sources cause dry eyes. In addition to dryness, you may experience scratchiness, stinging, or burning in your eyes; feel as if something is stuck in your eyes; have blurred vision; develop eye redness; or become sensitive to light.
  • Glaucoma

    In large majority of patients this is a silent disease where changes in eye pressure damage the optic nerve. Untreated, it can initially lead to peripheral (side) vision loss, causing tunnel vision. Over time, untreated glaucoma can cause severe or total vision loss. Early diagnosis and treatment can help reduce or completely stop damage from glaucoma.
  • Diabetic Eye Disease (Diabetic Retinopathy)

    The ultimate goal in treatment of diabetes is controlling sugars. Elevated sugars overtime can stress the blood vessels in your retina and lead to vision loss. In American adults, it is the leading cause of blindness as damage to the retina can go undetected. Therefore, regular diabetic eye exams are important in early detection and treatment.
  • Migraines

    Migraines are severe headaches that cause intense, throbbing pain. During a migraine, you may become extremely sensitive to light, have blurry vision, or temporarily lose your vision.
  • Facial Spasms (Hemifacial Spasms)

    This condition leads to twitching or spasms of the muscles of the eyelid and face. Allergy or dry eyes can cause it and treating those underlying issues can stop it. But in some cases it requires treatment with botox to stop the twitching.
  • Movement Disorder in the Eye (Benign Essential Blepharospasm)

    This is a type of dystonia (movement disorder) that causes abnormal blinking or twitching in your eyelids.

Our Treatments and Services

We provide comprehensive eye and vision exams that allow us to test for many eye diseases without obvious symptoms in the early stages, such as glaucoma or diabetic eye disease.

We also offer several types of eye procedures. Most procedures are done on an outpatient basis, which means that you will be able to go home on the same day.

  • Cataract Surgery

    In a short outpatient procedure, the cloudy lens is removed and replaced with a lens implant. There are no injections or stitches used in modern cataract surgery. Most people who have cataract surgery have completely restored vision.
  • Laser Surgery for Glaucoma

    In some patients, the drainage mechanism of the eye is too narrow. A laser is used to create a small hole or change the drainage to reduce the risk of elevation of pressure. While this cannot reverse current damage, it can prevent further damage.
  • Laser Surgery for Diabetic Eye Disease

    Diabetic disease can cause leakage from vessels in the retina. Using a laser, leaking blood vessels are treated, allowing for reduction of swelling in the retina. In some cases the laser is used to reduce the growth of abnormal blood vessels due to stress of diabetes on the eye.
  • Botox (Onabotulinum toxin A)

    Botox is injected into the muscles around your eyes to reduce spasms and twitching. Botox is also used for treatment of chronic migraines by treating areas in the forehead, front and back of scalp.
  • Glaucoma Screening

    There is more to glaucoma diagnosis and treatment than just the eye pressure. Part of a complete workup includes evaluation of the peripheral field of vision and examination of the optic nerve.
  • Dry Eye Plugs

    There are many options for treatment of dry eyes, from new medication to help increase tear production to punctual plugs to help retain the tears already produced. In severe cases we use amniotic membrane grafts to help grow new skin on the cornea.
  • Amniotic Membrane Graft

    A tissue called “amniotic membrane” is used in treatment of infections in the cornea to help reduce inflammation and promote wound healing. As mentioned above it is also used widely in the treatment of dry eyes.

Meet Our Ophthalmologist

Babak Marefat


Next Steps For Patients

Make an Appointment

  • To make a follow-up appointment with an ophthalmologist, call (785) 354-9591.
  • New patients can call (785) 270-4000 to schedule their first appointment.

See a Primary Care Provider

  • Call (785) 270-4440 to schedule an appointment with your Stormont Vail primary care provider.
  • Not a Stormont Vail patient? Call (785) 270-4440 to set up your first appointment with one of our primary care providers.

Check With Your Insurance

Before your appointment, check with your insurance company to learn about coverage. Click here for a list of Kansas Insurance Company phone numbers and websites.


You can stay connected to Stormont Vail through our online portal, MyChart. The portal lets you schedule an E-Visit or appointment, renew prescriptions, view your medical records and test results, and contact your care team.

MyChart Login Learn More About MyChart

Next Steps For Referring Providers

  • If you are a Stormont Vail provider, refer your patient via the Epic work queue.
  • If you are an outside provider, call (785) 270-4000 to refer your patient.